Scapular Retraction


Scapular retraction (or scapular adduction) is a backwards movement of the scapula towards the midline of the body – moving the shoulder blade (scapula) back towards the spine during retraction of the shoulder girdle – see Figure 1.

Scapular Retraction

Figure 1. Scapular Retraction.

The key muscles involved in this movement are the middle and lower fibres of the trapezius, and the rhomboids.  The latissimus dorsi also plays a weak role.

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